Writing a paper on philosophy you
Presenting and assessing the views of others If you plan to discuss the views of Philosopher X, begin by figuring out what his arguments or central assumptions are. For example, "They sought to better equip job candidates who enrolled in their program. When he says "this in itself," does he mean Aquinas's belief, Lao Tzu's belief, Aristotle's belief, the coincidence of all of their beliefs, or something else? It should be fairly detailed. Only then should you sit down to write a complete draft. Phiilosophy, make sure writing a paper on philosophy you you do not pursue tangential issues. Don't think of this as an annoying preliminary to doing the real philosophy.
The following remarks, though they will not guarantee a top quality paper, should help you determine where best to direct your efforts. I offer first some general comments on philosophical writing, and then some specific "do"s and "don't"s. One of the first points to be clear about is that a philosophical essay is quite different from an essay in most other subjects. That is because it is neither writong research philosphy nor an yiu in literary self-expression. It is not a report of what various scholars have had to say on a particular topic.
It does not writing a paper on philosophy you the latest findings of tests or experiments. And it does not present your personal feelings or impressions. Instead, it is a reasoned defense of a thesis. What does that mean? Above all, it means that there must be a specific point that you are trying to establish - something that you are trying to convince the reader to accept - together with grounds or justification for its acceptance. Before you start to write your paper, you should be able "writing a paper on philosophy you" state exactly what it is that you are trying to show.
This is harder than it sounds. It simply will not do to have a rough idea of what you want to establish. A rough idea is usually one that is not well worked out, not writing a paper on philosophy you expressed, and as a result, not likely to be understood. Whether you actually do it in your paper or not, you should be able to state in a single short sentence precisely what you want to prove. If you cannot formulate your thesis this way, odds are you are not clear enough about it.
The next task is to determine how to go about convincing the reader that your thesis is correct.
In two words, your method must be that of rational persuasion. You will present arguments. At this point, students frequently make one or more of several common errors. Sometimes they feel that since it is clear to them that their thesis is true, it does not need much argumentation. It is common to overestimate the strength of your own position. That is youu you already accept that point of view.
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But how will your opponent respond? It is safest to assume that your reader is intelligent and knows a lot about your subject, but disagrees with you. Another common mistake is to think that your case will be stronger if you mention, even if briefly, virtually every argument that you have come across in support of your position. Sometimes this is called the "fortress approach.
There are several reasons for this. First, your reader is likely to find it difficult to keep track of so many different arguments, especially if these arguments approach the topic from different directions.
Second, the ones that will stand out will be the very best click to see more and the very worst ones. It is important to show some discrimination here. Only the most compelling one or two arguments should be developed. Including weaker ones only gives the impression that you are unable to tell the difference between the two.
Third, including many different arguments will result in spreading yourself too thinly.
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wrlting It is far better to cover less ground in greater depth than to range further afield in a superficial manner. It will also help to give your paper focus. In order to produce a good philosophy paper, it is first necessary to think very carefully and clearly about your topic.
Specifically, on philosophy paper you a writing Willi Ury
Unfortunately, your reader likely your marker or instructor has no access to those thoughts except by way of what actually ends up on the page. He or she cannot tell what you meant to say but did not, and cannot read in what you would quickly point out if you were conversing face to face. Writimg better or for worse, your paper is all that is available.
It link stand on its own. The responsibility for ensuring the accurate communication of ideas falls on the writer's shoulders. You article source say exactly what you mean and in a way that minimizes the chances of being misunderstood.
It is difficult to overemphasize this point. There is no such thing as a piece writig good philosophical writing that is unclear, ungrammatical, or unintelligible. Clarity and precision are essential elements here. A poor writing style militates against both of these. These are entirely unnecessary and of no interest to the informed reader. There is no need to point out that your topic is an important one, and one that has interested philosophers for hundreds of years. Introductions should be as brief as possible.
In fact, I recommend that you think of your paper as not having an introduction at all. Go directly to your topic. Inexperienced writers rely too heavily on quotations and paraphrases. Direct quotation is best restricted to those cases where it is essential to establish another writer's exact selection of words. Even paraphrasing should be kept to papeg minimum. After all, it is your paper. It is your thoughts that your instructor is concerned with.
Keep that in mind, especially when your essay topic pxper you to critically assess someone else's views. Do not present a number of positions in your paper and then end by saying that you are writinb qualified to settle the matter. In particular, do writinng close by saying that philosophers have been divided over this issue for as long as humans have been keeping record and you cannot papper expected to resolve the dispute in tou few short pages.
Your instructor knows that. But you can be x to click at this page a clear stand based on an evaluation of the argument s presented. Go out on a limb. If you have argued well, it will support you. Good philosophical writing usually has an air phillosophy simple dignity about it.
Your topic is no joke. No writers whose views you writing a paper on philosophy you been asked to read are idiots. If you think they are, then you have not understood them. Name calling is inappropriate and could never substitute for careful argumentation anyway. You are guilty of begging the question or circular reasoning on a particular issue if you somehow presuppose the truth of whatever it is that you are trying to show in the course of arguing for it.
Here is a quick example. If Smith argues that abortion is morally wrong on writinv grounds that pper amounts to murder, Smith begs the question.
If the paper is in response to a prompt, you will want to use the prompt as your outline, as your writing a paper on philosophy you. Descartes says that Q; however, the following thought-experiment will show that Q is not true Another way you can help make the structure of your paper obvious is by telling the reader what you've done so far and what you're going to do next. See how pedantic that last sentence sounds? The next task is to determine how to go about convincing the reader that your thesis is correct. Pretend that your reader has not read the material you're discussing, and has not given the topic much thought in advance. In your philosophy classes, you will sometimes encounter philosophers whose writing is obscure and complicated.
Smith presupposes a particular weiting on the moral status of abortion - the stand represented by the conclusion of the argument. To see that this is so, read more that the person who denies the conclusion - writing a paper on philosophy you href="http://maxbuyessay.info/essay-on-my-12/short-essay-on-my-dream-house-1467.php">just click for source abortion is morally wrong just click for source will not accept Smith's premise that it amounts to murder, since murder is, by definition, morally wrong.
When arguing against other positions, onn is important to realize that you cannot show that your opponents are mistaken just by claiming that their overall conclusions are false. Nor will it do simply to claim that at least one of their premises is false. You must demonstrate these sorts of things, and in a fashion that does not presuppose that your position is correct. Before you start to write make an outline of how you want to argue. There should be a logical progression of ideas - one that will be easy for the reader to follow. If your paper is well organized, the reader will be led along in what seems a natural way.
If you jump about in your essay, the reader will balk. It will take a real effort to follow you, and he or she may feel it not worthwhile. It is a good idea to let your outline simmer for a few days before you write your first draft. Does it still seem to flow smoothly when you come back to it? If not, the best prose in the world will not be enough to make it work. Use the right words. Once you have determined your outline, you must select the exact words that will convey your meaning to the reader. A dictionary is almost essential here. Do not settle for a word that you think comes close to capturing the sense you have in mind.
Notice that "infer" does not mean "imply"; "disinterested" does not mean "uninterested"; and "reference" does not mean either "illusion" or "allusion. Notice that certain words such as "therefore," "hence," "since," and "follows from" are strong logical connectives. When you use such expressions you are asserting that certain tight logical relations hold between the claims in question. You had better be right.
This lets you organize the points you want to make in your paper and get a sense for how they are going to fit together. You just have to make it clear that link doing this. There is no such thing as a piece of good philosophical writing that is unclear, ungrammatical, or unintelligible. Finally, sit down in front of the computer again writing a paper on philosophy you compose the final version this will take one day. Naturally, I owe a huge debt to the friends and professors who helped me learn how to write philosophy. In addition, be sure to say in the paper how it is relevant. Moreover, stay away from "feel" in philosophical writing.
Finally, check the spelling of any word you are writiing sure of. There is no excuse for "existance" appearing in any philosophy essay. Assume that your reader is constantly asking such questions wtiting "Why should I accept that? Most first attempts at writing philosophy essays fall down on this point. Substantiate your here whenever there is reason to think that your critics would not grant them.
When quoting or paraphrasing, always give some citation.