What is the history of report writing
How to Write a History Research Paper 1. How do I pick a topic? But I can't find any material How do I put this together?
Research Guide and Writing Guide 1. Picking a topic is perhaps the most important step in writing a research paper. To do it well requires several steps of refinement. First you have to determine a general area in which you have an interest if you aren't interested, your readers won't be either. You do not write a paper "about the Civil War," however, for that is such a large and vague check this out that the paper will be too shallow or you will be swamped with information. The next step is to narrow your topic.
Are you interested in comparison? Once you reach this stage try to formulate your research topic as a question. For example, suppose that you decide rrport write a paper on the use of the films of the 's and what they can tell historians ariting the Great Depression. You might turn that into the following question: By asking yourself a question as a iw of starting research on a topic you will help yourself find the answers. You also open the door to loading the evidence one way or another. It will help you decide what kinds of evidence might be pertinent to your question, and it can also twist perceptions of a topic.
For example, if you ask a question about economics as motivation, you are not likely to learn much about ideals, and vice versa. No one should pick a topic without trying to figure out how one could discover pertinent information, nor should anyone settle on a topic before getting some background information link the general area.
These two checks should make sure your paper is in the realm of the possible. The trick of good research is detective work and imaginative thinking on how one can find information. First try to figure out what kinds of things you should know about a topic to answer your research question. Do you need personal letters?
What background information should be included? Then if you do not know how to find that particular kind of information, ASK. A reference librarian or professor is much more likely to be able to steer you to the right sources if you can ask a specific question such as "Where can I find statistics on the number of interracial marriages? If What does not have the books or sources you need, try ordering through the library minitex. Many sources are also available on-line. As your research paper takes shape you will find that you need background on people, places, events, etc. Do not just rely on some general survey for all of your background.
Check the several good dictionaries of biography for background on people, or see if there is a standard book-length biography. If you are dealing with a legal matter check into the background of the judges who make the court decision click the circumstances surrounding the original incident or law. Try looking for public opinions in newspapers of the time. In other words, each bit of information you find should open the possibility of other research paths.
Learn to use several research techniques. You cannot count on a good research paper coming from browsing on one shelf at the library. A really pertinent book may be hidden in another section of the library what is the history of report writing to classification quirks. The Readers' Guide Ref. R4 is not the only source for magazine articles, nor the card catalog for books. There are whole books which are listings of other books on particular topics.
There are specialized indexes of magazine articles. Modern History Journals are indexed in the Social Studies and Humanities Index Ref. R before After use the Social Sciences Index REF A S62 and the Humanities Index Ref.
See also Historical Abstracts Ref. Reference Librarians would love to help you learn to use these research tools.
It pays to browse in the reference room at the library and poke into the guides which are on the shelves. It also pays to browse the Internet.
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Research Guide RESEARCH GUIDE A. If you do not already have a general background on your topic, get the most recent good general source on the topic and read it for general orientation. On the basis of that reading formulate as clearly focused question as you can. You should generally discuss with your professor at that point whether your question is a feasible one. Building a Basic Bibliography: If there is a specialized bibliography on your topic, you will certainly want to consult that as well, but these are often a bit dated.
Building a Full Bibliography: Read the recent articles or chapters that seem to focus on your topic best. This will allow you to focus your research question quite a bit. Use what is the history of report writing tools as Historical Abstracts or, depending on your topic, the abstracts from a different field and a large, convenient computer-based national library catalog e.
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For specific article searches "Uncover" press returns for the "open access" or possibly less likely for history "First Click at this page through "Connect to Other Resources" in MUSE can also be useful. Now do the bulk of your research. But do not overdo it. Do not fall into the trap of reading and reading to avoid getting started on the writing.
After you have the bulk of information you might need, start writing. You can fill in the smaller gaps of your research more effectively later. Write a preliminary thesis statement, expressing what you believe your major argument s will be. Sketch out a broad outline that indicates the structure - main points and subpoints or your argument as it seems at this time. Do not get too detailed at this point. On the basis of this thesis statement and outline, start writing, even pieces, as soon as you have enough information to start. Do not wait until you have filled all the research gaps. If you run into smaller research questions just mark the text with a searchable symbol.
It is important that you try to get to the end point of this writing as soon as possible, even if you leave pieces still in outline form at first and then fill the gaps after you get to the end. Critical advice for larger this web page It is often more effective not to start at the point where the beginning of your paper will be. Especially the introductory paragraph is often best left until later, when you feel ready and inspired.
The "second draft" is a fully re-thought and rewritten version of your paper. It is at the heart of the writing process.
Stick to the facts and avoid adding in opinion unless asked for. Please provide us feedback. If Carleton does not have the books or sources you need, try ordering wrifing the library minitex. For example, if you ask a question about economics as motivation, you are not likely to learn much about ideals, and vice versa. There are specialized indexes of magazine articles.
First, lay your first draft aside for a day or so to gain distance from it. After that break, read it over with a critical eye as you would somebody else's paper well, almost! You will probably find that your first draft is still quite descriptive, rather than argumentative. That is perfectly normal even ls experienced writers even after 40 years and a good deal of published work!
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You will be frustrated. But keep questioning your paper along the following lines: What precisely are my key questions? What parts of my evidence here are really pertinent to those questions that is, does it help me answer them?
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How or in what order can I structure my paper most effectively to answer those questions most clearly and efficiently for my reader? At this point you must outline your paper freshly. Mark up your first draft, ask tough questions whether rpeort argument is clear and whether the order in which you present your points is effective! You must write conceptually a new paper at this point, even if you can use paragraphs and especially quotes, factual data in the new draft.
It is critical that in your new draft your paragraphs start with topic sentences that identify the argument you will be making in the particular paragraph sometimes this can be strings of two or three paragraphs. The individual steps in your argument must be clearly reflected in the topic sentences of your paragraphs or a couple of them linked.
The Third or Final Draft: You are now ready to check for basic rules of good writing. This is when you need to check the diction, that is, the accuracy and suitability of words. Eliminate unnecessary what is the history of report writing or awkward noun constructions active-voice, verbal constructions are usually more effective ; improve the flow of your transitions; avoid repetitions or split infinitives; correct apostrophes in possessives and such.
Make the style clear and smooth. Check that the start of your paper is interesting for the reader. Last but not least, cut out unnecessary verbiage and wordiness.