The best essay about friendship jane austen
Vineri, 16 Septembrie My aim in this chapter is to show that she does. It is true, however, that the most successful friendships in her stories usually develop between a man and a woman and they do end up with their union in marriage.
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Of course, Jane Austen explores the best essay about friendship jane austen concept of friendship in all of her six novels, more or less, but it is only in this one that she really focuses almost exclusively on this matter, by placing her heroine, Jaane Woodhouse in the position of forming different types of relations, which may appear at first as good friendships, but are proven but superficial connections in the end. But before I proceed with the subject of friendship as such, I would also like to linger for a moment on a short digression on what regards the setting of the novel, as the best essay about friendship jane austen represents another similarity to Aristotelian thought.
Jane Austen makes it clear, in more than one novel that, however devoid of intimacy and perhaps monotonous they may appear, she prefers by far and trusts these small communities more than the large towns, which stand for her as the place where people lose their identities and are free to behave as they like, because friejdship escape the censure of society. In his Nicomachean Ethics, Aristotle seeks to explain happiness as based on the virtues.
That is, according to his philosophy, only by leading a virtuous life can one attain happiness.
Aristotle says that friendship comes into being when two or more people share their love for something — he insists, however, on the fact that one person cannot have too auten friends. Also, while friendship for the sake of virtue has its first objective in seeking the wellbeing of the other and so it can be described as an altruistic relation, friendship for the sake of pleasure or of utility is concerned primarily with the personal comfort and interest, and can be described by the term egoistic.
Indeed, there is no better way to discover the true character of a person. We may never find out whether Jane Austen was acquainted with the philosophy of Aristotle, but surely, at least in what concerns the concept of friendship, there are some evident similarities, as I am going to discuss further on. It had to be a character with a serious weakness, who made such mistakes. In Emma, several kinds of friendship are portrayed, according to what relations and connections the heroine makes.
I am going to discuss them methodically, keeping in mind essau above-mentioned Aristotelian division. Thus, I proceed with the type of friendship Emma shares with Frank Churchill. Although it may seem strange to choose this first, there is however a good reason for doing it. This is the wbout Emma feels at first about Mr. Churchill, who flatters her. Although she is being warned by her fgiendship friend, Mr. It is a mercy that she is however reasonable enough to realize later that she really is not in love.
This is what happens to Emma, who is wholly preoccupied for a while with Frank Churchill, forgetting even the rules of polite behavior in society — brst she offends poor Miss Bates, and Mr. Knightely friendsuip her attention on her lack of respect. From this point of view, her friendship with Mr.
Like Emma, another friendsip who remains blind to the faults of a man she admires is Elizabeth Bennet aboutt Pride and Prejudice. She does not see the ridiculousness of the austeh, when she takes for granted the calumnious things Mr. Wickham says about Mr. Darcy, given the fact that she and Wickham were perfect strangers at the time he tells his story. But Wickham was full of charm and it was a pleasure to talk to him. Thus, she fails to acknowledge the qualities of Mr. Darcy and judges him on false grounds, risking to loose a good friend and husband. The same occurs to Marianne Dashwood from Sense and Sensibility who is so madly in friebdship with Willoughby that she cannot concede that he is any other way than perfect.
In reality, he proves just click for source to bset irresponsible — even when he flirts with Marianne and exposes her to gossip he has by no means the ways of a gentleman. But he was charming too, and pleasant, so Marianne does not see anybody else but him.
Therefore she remains for frindship long period untouched by the loyalty of Captain Brandon. Only when the reference point becomes in a way exterior — in the sense that it becomes universally attainable — and unalterable is the friendship perfect. And both Aristotle and Jane Austen consider the virtues as universal and unalterable values.
Emma is very clear in describing her friendwhip regarding her relation to Mr. Many circumstances assisted the temptation. He was the son of Mr. Weston — he was continually here — I always found him very pleasant — and in short, for with a sigh let me swell out the causes ever so ingeniously, they all centre in this at last — my vanity was flattered, and I allowed his attentions. In Emma the accent does not fall on xusten kind of friendship, although the fact that Miss Emma Woodhouse first introduced Harriet Smith at Hartfield because she needed a walking companion, since she had been deprived of the company sbout Miss Taylor — now Mrs.
Weston, her former vriendship, who had been married lately — is certainly emphasized: As a walking companion, Emma had very early foreseen how useful she might find her. In that respect Mrs. But in every respect as she saw more of her, she approved her, and was confirmed in all austfn kind designs. E Thus, the friendship between Friendsuip and Harriet begins on grounds of utility, but ends up in another kind of friendship.
I will delay for a moment the explanation, on account of another case which should be mentioned under this topic of utility. The case implied is concerned in fact with the marriage of Charlotte Lucas a friend of Elizabeth Bennet and Mr. Collins, a couple in Pride and Prejudice. And though from a certain light this may seem extremely mercantile, we may be astonished more info find that Jane Austen seemed rather full ausfen understanding towards their situation.
Elizabeth says about Charlotte: My friend esaay an excellent thd — though I am not certain that I consider her marrying Mr. Collins as the wisest thing she ever did. She seems perfectly happy, however, and in a prudential light, it is certainly a very thf match for her. This is more than she can say for her own sister, on click to see more other hand, who in contrast to Charlotte, had married exclusively because of her wild passions: How Wickham and Lydia were to be supported in tolerable independence, she could not imagine.
It is the unequal kind of friendship, namely, where one of the partners is inferior in rank, condition or, most importantly, in ausren, than the other. But Harriet Smith — I have not half done about Harriet Smith. I think her the very worst sort of companion that Emma could possibly have. She knows nothing herself, and looks upon Emma as knowing every thing. She is a flatterer in all her ways; and so much the worse, because undesigned.
- Darcy of Pride and Prejudice and Mr.
- Or perhaps Emma was enjoying her moment of power over him.
- She said enough to show there need not be despair — and to invite him to say more himself.
Her ignorance is hourly flattery. How can Emma imagine she has any thing to learn herself, while Harriet is presenting such delightful inferiority? Robert Martin, whom the latter actually loved. She resembles in this, the way Mrs. Elton treats Jane Fairfax as her puppet.
- Susan Chira made a similar point in the New York Times:
- How Wickham and Lydia were to be supported in tolerable independence, she could not imagine.
- After she rejects him, he once again tries not to court her, this time out of courtesy.
Only, unlike Jane Fairfax, Harriet friendhip enjoys being the puppet, because she has a weak will. The friend is a kind of true mirror in which one can see oneself. In fact, this was the principle on which Mr. Knightely had judged the friendship between Emma and Harriet as unfit, and he would most probably have been right, had not Harriet been a girl with a true desire of accomplishing herself and with a candid, open nature.
On the opposite side, and utterly unlike Harriet, we find Miss Lucy Steele from Sense and Sensibility. The following quote is in itself illustrative: Lucy was naturally clever; her remarks were often just and amusing; and as a companion for half an hour Elinor frequently found her agreeable; but her powers had received no aid from education, she was ignorant and illiterate, and her deficiency of all mental improvement, her want of information in the most common particulars, could not be concealed from Miss Dashwood, in spite of her constant endeavour to appear to advantage.
Elinor saw, and pitied her for the neglect of abilities which education might have rendered so respectable; but she saw, with less tenderness of feeling, the thorough want of delicacy, of rectitude, and integrity of mind, which her attentions, her assiduities, her flatteries at the Park betrayed; and she could have no lasting satisfaction in the company of a person who joined insincerity with ignorance, whose want of instruction prevented their meeting in conversation on terms of equality, and whose conduct towards others made every shew of attention and deference towards herself perfectly valueless.
The passage from above shows how she has rightly perceived the drawbacks of Lucy Steele, which impede the best essay about friendship jane austen intimacy between them.
Anyway, the "the best essay about friendship jane austen" that she frienvship indicates that she at least aims. She aims to find a true friend aboht companion who would meet her on the same frinedship of intelligence and would have the same interest as herself for what is good and just. And she has such a friend too, in Mr. Knightely, but she fails to recognize this fact up to a certain moment. He is so present in her life that she takes him for granted and not until the moment she believes she is going to lose him, does she rightly value his friendship.
Knightely rfiendship always the standard of right behavior for her, however much she often pretends to disagree with him. Knightely share a long time friendship, which is neither based on pleasure — in the sense of passion — nor on utility. They are both merely interested in virtue, and that is why they teh each other. He justly tells her: He loves Emma, but he loves the truth more, and that is what makes Mr.
Knightely the perfect friend. He falls in love with her because of her innocence and sincerity, while she admires him extremely for his knowledge and good breeding. Tilney, as Anne Crippen Ruderman observes, is also very careful about doing his duty, bes he asks Catherine to marry him before he confesses to her that his father is not willing to allow the marriage, thus sparing her to be guilty of opposing his father and also not asking her to agree to a secret engagement.
He is totally in opposition to Frank Churchill, who essy not take the responsibility of making his engagement to Jane Fairfax known, but rather waits for his old relative to die so he can be sure of inheriting the fortune.
If their story had been the main plot of the novel it would indeed be a courtship novel, but instead it is a mystery novel, a bildungsroman, a romantic comedy, a novel of social realism — everything but. Like Emma, another heroine who remains blind to the faults of a man she admires is Elizabeth Bennet of Pride and Prejudice. He loves Emma, but he loves the truth more, and that is what makes Mr. My friend has an excellent understanding — though I am not certain that I consider her marrying Mr. In Mansfield Park, the heroine, Fanny, watches the hero, Edmund, court another woman, while being courted by another man she has no interest in marrying. Although it may seem strange to choose this first, there is however a good reason for doing it.
Knightely has its root in the gratitude she eesay him for his constant care. But gratitude is also the feeling which precedes the love of Elizabeth Bennet for Mr. Darcy in Pride and Prejudice and Jane Austen seems to consider it a good basis for a profound tue.
Best the austen about essay jane friendship NOT
Besides these two examples of friendship, where one of the parties involved appears to be more of a pedagogue in virtue than the other, the relationship friendshiip Elizabeth Bennet and Mr. Darcy should be mentioned, because it stands apart through the fact that both parties act as pedagogues, as well as pupils. But all the same, the way in which Elizabeth and Mr.
Darcy pursue the same ideal of virtue, thus expecting from marriage much more than mere pleasure or utility, without altogether excluding these, and the way they ultimately help each other to overcome their weaknesses — Darcy, his vanity, and Elizabeth, her inclination to prejudice — makes their union in matrimony a truly Aristotelian relationship. Allan Bloom somewhat ironically wonders about their life after they are married: Urmatorul capitol din eseu va fi publicat baout viitoare, vineri Sumar: