Organization of paragraphs in an essay
Introductions and Conclusions Organizing Your Thoughts Making sense out of your observations about a text is a difficult task. Even once you've figured out what it is that you want to say, you are left with the problem of how to say it. With which idea should you begin? Should you address the opinions of other thinkers? As to that stubborn contradiction you've uncovered in your own thinking: Writing papers in college requires that you come up with sophisticated, complex, and even creative paragrapns of structuring your ideas.
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Accordingly, there are no simple formulae that we can offer you that will work for every paper, every time. We can, however, give you some things to think about that will help you as you consider how to structure your paper. Let Your Thesis Direct You Begin by listening to your thesis. If it is well-written, it will tell you which way to go with your paper.
Suppose, for example, that in responding to Richard Pipes' book, The Russian Revolution, you have written a thesis that says: The purpose of the Russian Revolution was not please click for source to revise Russia's class system, but to create a new world, and within that world, a new kind of human being. This thesis provides the writer and the reader with several clues about how best to structure the paper.
First, the thesis promises the reader that it will argue that esssay Russian Revolution was not simply a paeagraphs of class. The paper will therefore begin by saying that organization of paragraphs organization of paragraphs in an essay an essay the destruction of the Russian class system am important to the heart of this revolution, it was not visit web page final goal.
The rest of the paper will be broken into two parts: I say that this idea of the homo sovieticus is more important than the idea of a new world order not because the Russian revolutionaries thought so, but because the writer seems to say so in her thesis. Read the thesis sentence again. Note how the emphasis falls on the last phrase: We expect, as readers, that the other issues taken up in this paper - the destruction of class, the invention of a new world order - will be discussed in terms of creating a new kind of human being.
In other words, we won't be given simply a description of how this revolution intended to affect world economy; we will be given a description of how this revolution intended ov manipulate economic conditions so that they would be more favorable to the evolution of the new Soviet person. Sketching Your Argument While your thesis will provide you with your paper's general direction, it will not necessarily provide you with a plan for how to organize all of your points, large and small.
Here it might be helpful organization of paragraphs in an essay make a diagram or a sketch of your argument. In sketching your argument your goal is to fill the page with your ideas. Begin by writing your thesis.
Follow the principle of moving from old to new. Notice that the example and explanation steps of this 5-step process steps 3 and 4 can be repeated essau needed. The paper will therefore begin by saying that although the destruction of the Russian class system was important to the heart of this revolution, it was not its final goal. Notice the above paragraph, organization of paragraphs in an essay example. Don't get nervous when your sketch starts to look like a mess. In order of importance: Please do not use this list as a model for the format of your own reference list, as it may not match the citation style you are using.
Put it where your instincts tell you to: Around the thesis, cluster the points you want to make. Under each of these points, note the observations you've made and the evidence you'll use. Don't get nervous when your sketch starts to look like a mess. Take up colored pens. Any of these methods can help you to find connections between your ideas that otherwise might go unseen.
Working from your sketch, try to see the line of reasoning that is evolving. Sketching is an important step in the writing process because it allows you to explore visually the connections between your ideas. If you outline a paper too early in the writing process, you organization of paragraphs in an essay missing these connections.
You line up your argument - A. Sketching your argument helps you to see, for example, that points A and C really overlap and need to be thought through more carefully. Outlining Your Argument When you've finished your sketch, you're ready to make an outline. The task of your outline is to find your paper's "best structure.
When you are outlining a paper, you'll have many options for your organization. Understand, however, that each choice you make eliminates dozens of other options. Your goal is to come up with an outline in which all your choices support your thesis. In organization of paragraphs in an essay words, your goal is to find the "best structure" for your argument. Treat the esssay as if it were a puzzle that you are trying laragraphs put together. In a puzzle, each piece has only one appropriate place. The same should be true of your paper. If it's organization to shift around your ideas - if paragraph five and paragraph nine could be switched around and no one would be the wiser - then you haven't yet found the best structure for your paper.
Keep working until your outline fits your idea like a glove. When you think you have an outline that works, challenge it. I've organiaztion when I write that the first outline never holds up to a good interrogation. When you start asking questions of your outline, you will begin to see where the plan holds, and where it falls apart. Here are some questions that you might ask: Does my thesis control the direction of my outline?
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Are all of my main points relevant to my thesis? Can any of these points be moved around without changing something important about my thesis? Does the outline seem logical?
Does my argument progress, or does it stall? If my argument seems to take a turn, mid-stream, does my thesis anticipate that turn? Do I have sufficient support for each of my points? Have I made room in my outline for other points of view about my topic? Does organization outline reflect a thorough, thoughtful argument? Have I covered the ground? Constructing Paragraphs Imagine that you've essay your thesis.
You've interrogated your outline. You know which modes of arrangement you intend to use. You've settled on a plan that you think will work.
Our example paragraph will be about slave spirituals, the original songs that African Americans created during slavery. If it is well-written, it will tell you which way to go with your paper. Does the outline seem logical? Don't be afraid to begin with it.
Now you have to go about the serious business of constructing your paragraphs. You may have been told in high school that paragraphs are the workhorses of your paper. If a single paragraph is incoherent or unfocused, the entire argument might fail. It's important that you consider carefully the "job" of each paragraph. Know what it is click here want that paragraph to do.
What is a paragraph? A paragraph is generally understood as a single "unit" of a paper. What your reader expects when he enters a new paragraph is that he is going to hear you declare a organization of paragraphs in an essay and then offer support for that point. Or that he is going to hear your evidence, and then see what it all adds up to.
If you violate the reader's expectation - if your paragraphs wander aimlessly among a half dozen points, or if they declare points without offering any evidence to support them - then the reader becomes confused or irritated by your argument. He won't want to read any further. What should a paragraph do? At the risk of seeming silly, we ask you to consider this metaphor: You want a partner who is supportive, strong, and considerate to others. Similarly, a good paragraph will: Even in the most trying of times a good paragraph will find a way to support the thesis.
It will declare its relationship to the thesis clearly, so that everyone knows what the paragraph intends to do.
In order for a paragraph to be coherent, each sentence should begin link linking itself firmly to the sentence that came before. Instead, we cut to the chase. Sometimes you will find a terrific story or quotation that seems to reflect the main point of your paper. It might be that your topic sentence isn't adequately focusing your paragraph and needs to be re-written. It's important to make sure that you haven't left out any steps in the process of composing your argument. As you will see, all of these traits overlap. If your argument requires that you put it elsewhere, plan accordingly. The reader has to double back again and again in order to follow esasy gist of the argument.
In other words, a supportive paragraph's main idea clearly develops the argument of the thesis. A good paragraph isn't bloated with irrelevant evidence or redundant sentences. Nor is it a esway thing, begging to be fed. It's strong and well-formed. You know that it's been worked on. In other words, a strong paragraph develops its main idea, using sufficient evidence.
Good paragraphs consider their relationship to other paragraphs. A good paragraph never interrupts its fellow paragraphs to babble on about its own, irrelevant problems. A good paragraph waits its turn. It shows organization when and where it's supposed to. It doesn't make a mess for other paragraphs to clean up. In other words, a considerate paragraph is a coherent paragraph. It makes sense within the text as a whole. Writing the Topic Sentence Just as a paper relies on a thesis or claim to assert and shape its argument, so do paragraphs require a topic sentence to assert and shape their main ideas.
Without a topic sentence, your organization of paragraphs in an essay could seem muddled, roganization aimless. Because the topic sentence plays an important role in your paragraph, it must be crafted with care. When you've written a topic sentence, ask yourself the following questions: